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The Anzac Memorial was intended to be a memorial to all Australians who lost their lives in service during the First World War, The imagery and symbolism in the statues and artwork, and the inscriptions in the building itself, reflect all of the campaigns involving Australians and all of the armed forces and auxiliary services that took part.
Attempts to pass the legislative authority to build the Anzac Memorial began in 1919 but did not succeed until 1923 with the publication of the Anzac memorial (Building) Act. Hyde Park was the first place suggested for the Memorial, in May 1918. Other site suggestions included Mrs Macquarie’s Chair, Martin Place, the entrance of Anzac Parade, Fort Denison, Observatory Hill, Cook Park and the Botanic Gardens, Former city surveyor Norman Weekes won the competition to redesign the park with an area of 100 square feet dedicated to the Memorial. The competition for the design of the Anzac Memorial building was announced on 13 July 1929. Bruce Dellit submitted the winning design inspired by 'endurance, courage and sacrifice'. The Pool of Reflection that mirrors the building on the northern side represents Dellit’s call for passers-by to stop and remember. The construction contract was signed in February 1932 and the work received Council approval the following month. Construction commenced soon afterwards as the Depression reached its worst point.
The Anzac Memorial was officially opened on 24 November 1934 with an estimated crowd of 100,000 people. In keeping with the words on the foundation tablets, a simple ceremony aimed to show that the building was of and for the people.
For more information see the official Anzac Memorial website.CollectionSignificant BuildingsHyde ParkWar and peace
File - Request to hold an inaugural 'Field of Remembrance' during Armistice Week, Hyde Park South Sydney, 1935
File - Arrangements for photographers during official opening of Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park South Sydney, 1934
File - Proposal for erection of Anzac Memorial and remodelling post construction, Hyde Park Sydney, 1928-1934