This collection contains a small selection of archives relating to Haymarket.
In 1829 the valley south of Bathurst Street and Brickfield Hill was designated as a site for cattle and corn markets. The Haymarket, as the place became known, was a convenient stopping place for farmers' bullock carts before the long haul up to the city's market buildings. Ownership of the land and the markets shifted to the control of the City of Sydney when it was established in 1842. Proximity to the markets proved attractive to small manufacturing, with housing and buildings used as temporary boarding houses for itinerant market traders.
The movement of the Chinese community into this area began in the 1870s, following the 1869 construction of new fruit and vegetable markets, known as the Belmore Markets. The subsequent construction of Paddy's Market encouraged the establishment of public houses. On Saturday nights, the Haymarket was a place to gather not only for cheap shopping, but for cheap entertainment provided by sideshows and street theatre.
Further development from 1892 included the construction of a new market building on the old Paddy's site. This building was subsequently demolished, reconstructed and leased to Wirth Brothers Circus between 1916 and 1927 for use as a Hippodrome. From the late 1920s until the end of the 1960s the Belmore Market-turned-Hippodrome functioned as the Capitol Picture Theatre.
By the 1920s, Sydney's Chinatown spread back into the Haymarket area, which became a commercial and community centre for the Chinese community. The tall residential towers, hotels and shops which finally emerged in 2007 on the site now known as World Square cluster (formerly occupied by Hordern's emporium) around an internal pattern of laneways that recalls the earlier haphazard streets layout in this locality.
See sub-collections below for more on Chinatown, Belmore Park, Central Railway Station, Brickfield Hill, Anthony Hordern & Sons and the Natatorium.
For more items related to Haymarket, try the search tool.CollectionVillages and Suburbs
Letter - Advice that jury at murder inquest for Mary Moore were concerned at state of Durand's Alley, Haymarket, 1851
Letter - Complaint regarding the display of inappropriate pictures in Haymarket Square on Saturdays, Haymarket, 1898
Letter - Complaint about nuisance caused by men congregating at the Dance Room, Hay Street Haymarket, 1881
Letter - Complaint by John Robertson about fire risk to factory, 483-489 Pitt Street Haymarket, 1879
Memorandum - Report of Richard Seymour, Inspector of Nuisances, on depot for street sweepings, Haymarket, 1866
Petition - Complaint from Anthony Hordern and householders about a disused sewer, Hay Street Haymarket, 1864
Memorandum - Report by City Engineer Edward Bell on the cost of restoring clock turret, Haymarket, 1857
Letter - Architect Allen Mansfield submitting plans for the new Commercial Bank, corner of George and Hay Streets Haymarket, 1873
Plan - Additions to Sir William Manning Markets, Pitt, Campbell and Hay Streets Haymarket, 1912-1913